Methodology - 2005 survey
questionnaire was developed in English by the consortium, and then translated
into the national languages using a "dual focus approach" (Erkut et
al 1999). The dual focus approach is also called translation for meaning. The
procedure consisted of two steps; 1) Gathering two bi - lingual translators (English
- national language), and at least two project participants in a group
discussing the translation of the questionnaire question by question, and 2) Running pilot
interviews in a local focus group in each country.
National Poll Agencies were engaged to make the samples and conduct the interviews. Approximately 1000 respondents from each country were selected, with the exception of
A data quality check list was developed to ensure high quality data.