Definisjon av telemedisin
Nasjonalt senter for samhandling og telemedisin tar utgangspunkt i definisjonen fra Advanced Informatics in Medicine 1991.
"Telemedisin er: Undersøkelse, overvåkning, behandling og administrasjon av pasienter og opplæring av pasienter og personale via systemer som gir umiddelbar tilgang til ekspertise og pasientinformasjon uavhengig av hvor pasienten eller relevant informasjon er geografisk plassert."
Her finner du lenker til andre definisjoner og beskrivelser av telemedisin.
- Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Telemedicine can be defined as "medicine practised at a distance". It therefore encompasses diagnosis, treatment and medical education.
- Telemedicine Information Service
Telemedicine is a new way of delivering healthcare allowing a change from a centralised service to one which is patient centred,resource efficient and where decisions are made at a local level close to the patient. The term telemedicine is used when referring to a number of applications of information and communication technology (ICT) to medicine. Some of these, like teleradiology or 3D simulation software, are advanced information management techniques and, although extremely valuable in contributing to improved healthcare, are not telemedicine. We reserve the term telemedicine for "remote, telematic healthcare" which involves patients more closely in their healthcare process.
- Telemedicine Information Exchange (TIE)
Telemedicine is the use of telecommunications to provide medical information and services.
- The Association of Telehealth Service Providers
The provision of health care and education over a distance, using telecommunications technology.
- Office for the Advancement of Telehealth
Telehealth is the use of electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, public health and health administration.
- American College of Medical Physics
Telemedicine, as it pertains to the practice of medical physics in radiation oncology, is defined as the transmission of the work product of the medical physicist(s) from one location to another for the purposes of providing the medical physicist(s), and/or radiation oncologist(s) at the second location with specific information related to the treatment of patients under their care. The standard is designed to address the practice in which the medical physicist does not routinely perform services on-site or consult in person with the oncologist at the location of practice for the oncologist.
- California Telemedicine and eHealth Center
Telehealth/telemedicine are broadly defined as the use of telecommunications and information technologies to provide health services, training and information to health care providers and consumers. The essence of telehealth/telemedicine is the delivery of services and information to individuals in their own communities instead of the movement of people to centers of health expertise. As such, telehealth/telemedicine are emerging as significant new tools in addressing the cultural, socioeconomic, and geographic barriers to health services and information in underserved urban and rural communities. Benefits include local access to specialty care, enhanced primary-care services, and the increased availability of medical education and health information resources in medically underserved communities.
- The National Academies, USA - Institute of Medicine
Telemedicine is the use of electronic information and communications technologies to provide and support health care when distance separates the participants (In Field, M.J., ed. Telemedicine: A Guide to Assessing Telecommunications in Health Care". National Academy Press: Washington, D.C., 1996
- American College of Nurse Practitioners
Tele-Definitions From the American Nurses Association (ANA): Published in 1997, Telehealth: A Tool for Nursing Practice11, the document offers the following definitions as an initial glossary of terms used in discussing telehealth:
- Telecommunications refers to the transmission, emission or reception of data or information, in the form of signs, signals, writings, images and sounds or any other form, via wire, radio, visual or other electromagnetic systems.
- Telehealth is the removal of time and distance barriers for the delivery of health care services or related health care activities. Some of the technologies used in telehealth include: telephones, computers, interactive video transmissions, direct links to health care instruments, transmission of images and teleconferencing by telephone or video.
- Telenursing is a subset of telehealth in which the focus is on nursing practice via telecommunications.
- Telemedicine, similarly, is another telehealth subset. Telemedicine includes many medical specialties, such as teleradiology, teledermatology, telepsychiatry, etc.